Cyber Crime: History, Definition, Types, Methods, and Ways to Overcome It

Cyber Crime

Internet crime is indeed very massive. Even though there are indeed various frills such as good internet security, there are still many who can still be affected by cyber crime. Crime in cyberspace can actually be avoided, but sometimes many people are still fooled.

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Actually, what is meant by cyber crime for the details? Then what are the types of cyber crime? What methods are commonly used by internet criminals to commit cyber crimes? And the most important thing is how to deal with it?

Cyber ​​Crime Explanation

Cybercrime has indeed become a frightening specter for all internet users. Cyber ​​crime, also called computer crime, is the use of computers as instruments for further illegal purposes, such as committing fraud, trading in child pornography and intellectual property, stealing identity, or violating privacy.

Cybercrimes, particularly via the Internet, are gaining importance as computers have become central to commerce, entertainment and government.

History of Cyber ​​Crime

Cyber ​​crime itself has a long history. So, this activity first started with hackers trying to break into computer networks. Some do it just for the thrill of accessing high-security networks, but others seek to obtain sensitive classified material. Eventually, criminals started infecting computer systems with computer viruses, causing damage to both personal and business computers.

A computer virus is a form of malware code or program that can copy itself and damage or destroy data and systems. When a computer virus is used on a large scale, such as a bank, government or hospital network, this action can be categorized as cyberterrorism. Computer hackers are also involved in phishing scams, such as asking for bank account numbers, and credit card theft.

Ultimately, however, in 1996 the European Council, together with government representatives from the United States, Canada, and Japan, drafted the initial international treaty covering computer crime. Around the world, civil libertarian groups immediately protested the provisions of the agreement that required all Internet Service Providers to store information about their customers’ transactions and submit this information upon request.

The conference was finally able to be signed by 30 countries and was completed in 2001 and entered into force in 2004.

Types of Cyber Crime

Judging from the various types of internet crimes that already exist, it cannot be denied that this type of cyber crime is still running today and is a threat to all internet users.

The following are types of cyber crime that you need to know:

  • Data Theft

Data theft is the most common in cybercrimes. Even stolen credit card information can be used to reconstruct someone’s identity. When criminals steal company credit card records, they produce two different effects. First, they make use of digital information about individuals that is useful in many ways.

For example, they might use credit card information to create large bills, forcing credit card companies into heavy losses, or they might sell the information to others who can use it in the same way.

  • Cyber Terorism

This is indeed the most frightening thing when it is on the internet. Not only can terrorist activities be carried out in person, but various terrorist attacks can also be carried out on the internet.

This will involve the use of computers and/or related technology with the intention of causing harm or damage, to coerce a civilian population and influence the policies of the target government or otherwise influence its behavior.

  • Hacking

The scale of hacking crimes is one of the most difficult to assess because victims often choose not to report the crime. Sometimes out of embarrassment or fear of further breaches of security. However, officials estimate that the hacks cost the world economy billions each year.

Hacking is not always an outside job, but there are related criminal ventures involving individuals within companies or government bureaucracies knowingly altering database records for profit or political purposes.

  • Carding

One that can be detrimental to personal is a carding type of crime. Carding is a term that describes the unauthorized trading and use of credit cards. The stolen credit card or credit card numbers are then used to buy prepaid gift cards to cover tracks. Activities also include exploitation of personal data, and money laundering techniques.

Sometimes this is not realized, but it is better for you to secure your credit card. Secret use of money without your knowledge is one of carding activities.

  • Defacing

Defacing these websites or defacing them is a small matter, when compared to the scourge of cyberterrorists who use the internet to attack a nation’s infrastructure, by rerouting airline traffic, contaminating water supplies, or disabling nuclear plant protections.

This defacing is sometimes a fad activity to make a website messy and various contents can be changed or sometimes it doesn’t hold the website so it doesn’t display various content that should be on the website.

  • Cybersquatting

The term cybersquatting refers to the unauthorized registration and use of Internet domain names that are identical or similar to trademarks, service marks, company names, or personal names.

  • Cyber Typosquatting

Next is typosquatting. Cyber crime is a form of cybercrime that involves hackers registering domains with well-known website names that are intentionally misspelled. Hackers do this to lure unsuspecting visitors to alternative websites, usually for malicious purposes.

  • Malware

What is difficult to avoid and sometimes because we are negligent is malware. This malware is a kind of virus-type software that can damage various kinds of files on the device. Usually this is due to installing unclear applications, clicking links that lead to downloading malware software, and much more. As a result, files will be encrypted and to get the decryption key you have to pay a very large amount to the malware authors.

Cyber Crime Method

To carry out cyber crime, the perpetrators can use a wide variety of methods. Method one doesn’t work, so other methods still exist.

The following are cyber crime methods that are often used.

  • Sniffing

The first is sniffing. Sniffing is the process of monitoring and capturing all data packets passing through a particular network. Sniffers are used by network or system administrators to monitor and troubleshoot network traffic. Attackers use sniffers to capture data packets that contain sensitive information such as passwords, account information, etc.

  • Destructive Device

As the name suggests, a crushing device. The point of this destroyer in cyber crime is not a gun or a grenade. This is a program or software that contains a virus. Yes, this software is software that is used to spread malware and steal various kinds of important data from the target.

  • Password Cracker

Even though the passwords on various website platforms are encrypted, these cybercriminals are not at their wits end, namely by using a password cracker. Password cracker recovers passwords using various techniques. The process can involve comparing word lists to guess passwords or using a decryption algorithm to guess passwords repeatedly.

  • Distributed Denial of Attacks (DDoS)

DDoS attack is an attack that occurs when several machines operate together to attack a single target. DDoS attackers often leverage the use of botnets on a group of hijacked internet-connected devices to carry out large-scale attacks.

Ways of Countering Cyber Crime

Is cyber crime that scary? Yes, of course this is the biggest problem. Crimes like this are very difficult to eradicate. It’s still there again and again even though all the perpetrators have been eradicated. For that, as a user, what should be done to avoid cyber crime?

There are various ways you can do to avoid cyber crime, including:

  • Keep software and operating systems updated

Keeping your software and operating system up to date ensures that you benefit from the latest security patches to protect your computer.

  • Use anti-virus software and keep it up to date

Use a comprehensive anti-virus or internet security solution. You can use a full service anti-virus by subscribing for extra protection.

  • Use a strong password

Make sure to use a strong password so that people won’t guess it and don’t record it anywhere.

  • Never open attachments in spam emails

The classic way computers get infected by malware attacks and other forms of cybercrime is through e-mail attachments in spam e-mails. Never open attachments from senders you don’t know.

  • Do not click links on spam emails or untrusted websites

Another way people become victims of cybercrimes is by clicking on links in spam emails or other messages, or on unfamiliar websites. Avoid doing this to stay safe online.

  • Do not provide personal information unless it is secure

Never provide personal data by telephone or e-mail unless you are completely sure that the channel or e-mail is secure. Make sure that you’re talking to the person you’re thinking about.

  • Contact the company directly about suspicious requests

If you are asked for data from the company that has called you, hang up. Call them back using the number on their official website to make sure you are talking to them and not a cyber criminal.

  • Pay attention to the URL of which website you visit

Pay attention to the URLs you click on. Do they look legit? Avoid clicking on links with unknown or spam-like URLs.

  • Keep an eye on your bank statements

Our tips will help you avoid cyber crimes. However, if all else fails, knowing that you have been a victim of an internet crime can quickly be important.

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