Who doesn’t want to keep important data on a computer or cellphone, always safe and undamaged. It is true that the data stored on the computer can be lost, error, until it is damaged so that the data can no longer be used. Therefore, in this article, we will discuss data backup to keep data safe.
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Table of Contents
Data does have various types ranging from document data, video, images, sound, and so on stored in a storage area such as HDD, SSD, flash disk, and others.
Definition of computer data
The definition of data is a collection of information or also descriptions of something that is obtained through searching and observing certain sources.
The origin of the word data is taken from the word “datum” which in Roman means something that is given. Therefore, the definition of this data is given, not given because it is given, the data becomes standard information and has become the truth. In the field of computers this data will be processed in software.
Computer Data Functions
From the understanding of computer data above, we can conclude that data has a function:
- Can be used as material to make the best decisions in solving problems.
- Reference in the implementation of activities or activities and finally.
- As a basis for planning or research.
- Used as evaluation material.
Data Backup, Restore and Recovery features
What is the function of backup, restore, and recovery? The following is an explanation of the 3 features in data backup.
What is Data Backup
Data backup is a process by which a computer copies data as a precaution against damage and loss of data. Backups can also provide security for data stored on a computer system so that later if data is lost it can be recovered again.
This backup process can be done before damage or loss occurs due to human error or other factors. Indeed, backing up data is not always able to recover all types of lost data, but doing this can reduce the impact of data damage.
Benefits of Data Backup
The following are the benefits of backups including guaranteeing that data can be restored to its original state.
Avoid human error
This human error is done by humans who use the computer system itself. so that data backups can restore data or settings that were lost due to carelessness when trying to clear certain data.
Overcome data loss on damaged HDD/SSD
Data is usually stored in a storage area such as HDD or SSD. However, it is possible that data can be lost or damaged on the HDD or SSD. Therefore data backup can save the lost data.
Maintain data when the website is down
When a website is downtime, data loss can occur when the website is active again. This reason makes us always back up data regularly, so that data can be restored when the website is active again.
Maintain data security from cyber attacks
Cyberattacks are criminal acts in cyberspace that can occur at any time. This cyber attack can be in the form of data theft, data destruction, or damage to the computer server. So in this way at least you can restore the damaged or lost data.
Data backups can also be used as a countermeasure for hacking using attacks on website servers. Therefore if you can use data backup to be able to restore damaged data so that it can be accessed again by users.
Definition of Restore Data
Restore in English means to restore, so restore is the process of returning data to its original place. When data is accidentally deleted, you can look for it in the recycle bin and restore it to its original place.
Benefits of Restore Data
The principle of this data restore is to restore data, files or systems to their original state. There are two types of data restore, the first is system restore, the second is system image backup.
The data storage system is performed to restore the software and system application installed into the computer system without having to affect the personal data contained therein.
Definition of Data Recovery
Data recovery is the process of recovering the system if a problem occurs so that it can return to normal. Which computer recovery is very useful for returning a virus-affected system to normal as before.
The difference between Backup Restore and Recovery
It may look similar in function between backup restore and recovery. However, these two types of features are related but have different functions.
Data backup is a preventive measure that is carried out in case data is damaged or lost.
Usually a process becomes damaged or errors can be caused through internal and external factors. From internal factors, if the cause is human error/human error, hardware damage, or lack of maintenance and care. Meanwhile, external factors that can cause damage to the process can occur because the process is infected with a virus. So the backup process is executed before any damage or loss occurs.
While the restore process is the activity of recovering data that was accidentally deleted. Usually deleted data can be automatically stored in the recycle bin. You can carry out the restore process easily, namely by accessing the recycle bin page and carrying out the restore. So you can only do the restore process if the deleted data is in the recycle bin page.
Data Backup Types
The following are the types of data backup and their explanations:
This full backup can make a copy of all data on the storage media in the form of disks, tapes, and CD discs. But it takes a lot of time to do the copying.
Differential backup can only copy all the data that can be created from the previous data backup process. Differential backup will continue to copy data that has been created since the previous backup process was completed.
Incremental backups are faster and require less storage media because they only copy data that has changed since the last backup.
How to Back Up Data
There is a way to back up data according to the device used, in this case we will discuss computer devices and Google drives or backups using the cloud.
How to Backup Data on a Windows 10 Computer
Backup data on a computer with Windows OS 10 or more starting from stored data and system configuration. including applications that are on the computer. The first step we need to open Windows settings then select Update & Security.
On the File History Backup menu, then select the “Looking for an older backup?” Will appear. Then select the “Go to Backup and Restore” option.
Then a new window appears containing a choice of the drive that contains the backup copy or that will be used to make a backup copy of Windows 10. If you want to create a new backup then select “Create a system image”.
This feature will automatically search for drives or storage media with sufficient capacity to back up Windows 10. Then click Start Backup to start the process. The backup time will take time according to the size of the data.
How to Backup Data on Google Drive
Apart from backing up data to a physical storage device, you can also back up data to a cloud storage service. This method can be done on a computer or via an Android smartphone, how do you do it? Let’s look at the following explanation.
Backup data on an Android phone
Smartphones can also back up data via the cloud, especially Android smartphones. One way is to use Google drive which can be done by selecting the settings menu and then selecting “System” and “Backup”. Once opened then select “backup to Google drive”.
There are several categories of data that are backed up. “Settings” option to copy over existing settings. Which later this backup data can also be accessed from the Google Drive application.
Backup Photos on Google Photos
Meanwhile, to back up photos, there are several applications, namely Google Photos. How to backup in this application is quite easy. The trick is to select the settings and activate the “Backup and sync” option.
You not only back up data, you can also choose the quality of the photos you want to save. Once the backup is complete then you can delete the backed up photos. So that the storage on your device becomes more relieved.