What is Scam? Let’s Get to Know the Scam and How to Overcome It

What is a scam

What is Scam? The digital world is a world where people can get many business opportunities online. Yes, that way people who previously did not have a sales stall can easily sell online on the internet. Maybe this is used by irresponsible people in taking advantage of technological loopholes such as scams to online fraud or online fraud. So, in this article, we will discuss the dangers of scams and how to avoid scams, let’s discuss the following.

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Scam Explanation

Scams are digital scams which used to be just like in-person scams. Scammers or conspirators who usually work in pairs or teams, then commit fraud on the street or in busy public places, such as malls, restaurants and uncontrolled crowds.

Along with the times, scamming techniques have also increased, in which there are many ways and tricks. Not to mention that security technology that doesn’t exist is perfect makes it easy for scamming to get into these security holes. With so much data and information circulating, fraudsters are becoming more and more and stealing it.

What is Scam and what is stolen, things that can be stolen are someone’s important data that is hacked, such as important e-mail, to banking data. So that’s why users who are active online are advised to always be careful when opening links in emails received.

Methods and Techniques of Fraud / Online Scam

There are many modes and techniques scammers and fraudsters can steal from their victims. From someone knocking on your door to an unexpected email or phone call. The Internet and advances in digital communications have opened up another way for scammers to target their victims to steal information.

The most common possible scam that many people receive is spam email from people claiming to be competent. Although some of these scams are recognizable and easy to avoid, some are still exposed to these scammers.


Phishing is a type of scam which is getting more and more annoying. A phishing mode is someone pretending to be a legitimate party claiming a system error, excessive withdrawals or transactions that the victim has never made.

Fraudsters will ask the victim to enter and verify the information from the link they provide. But of course this link will direct the victim to a fake site which will record all user information including your username and password.

Fake antivirus software scam

Have you ever seen one of those pop-ups telling you that your computer will need antivirus rescue? Yes this is one of the scams known as scareware.

Fake antivirus ads that want you to panic and pay to secure your device as the best solution scammers have to offer.

Many fake antivirus app makers have managed to register their scam apps on legitimate download portals. Then you will install on your device, the software will appear as if they are doing a virus scan but you will actually have no antivirus capabilities.

This is adware in disguise created ostensibly for the purpose of advertising to those of you using it.

Fake online shopping site

In cyberspace there are lots of websites out there that try to make people believe and click on links to shop online. The websites are mostly unknown and foreign from trusted e-commerce sites. Websites that will try to trick you will then give you great offers, such as those that give discounts of up to 75 percent.


Formjacking is a group of cyber criminals who generally use this technique as a new cyber threat that steals credit card information. This scam can occur when a legitimate banking website is hacked without the owner’s knowledge.

This would allow cybercriminals to redirect their victims to a different URL in the payment process that looks similar but actually steals the victim’s information.


419 is a scam claiming to be a prince from Nigeria, which gives the impression that its victims are earning large sums of money and can only need bank information to deposit money into their victims’ accounts. The fact is that bank information is used to drain the assets of victims who have been deceived.

Fraud over the need for donations

It is undeniable that natural disasters often occur in the real world, victims of war or sufferers of certain diseases who need sympathy and help from other people. While some are truly legit, many people create fake accounts on donation sites to scam people out of money.

Tips and How to Recognize and Avoid Scam

Fraudulent techniques or scammers are indeed increasingly sophisticated, aka indistinguishable. But still, you have to be careful by recognizing and preventing it, among others, in the following ways.

Check the seller’s website

Make sure you use a trusted e-commerce application or platform. It is important to pay close attention to the seller’s detailed information, such as telephone numbers, addresses, and e-mails.

Information such as website addresses, to seller data can be faked, so it is important to identify an official site and pay close attention to seller data.

Never use e-commerce platforms or shopping features on social media, which do not provide sufficient information, security, privacy and suspicious terms of use.

Check the official reseller and other buyer reviews

If you shop from a reseller, then you need to pay attention that the reseller is permitted to sell products from the brand in question.

Regardless of whether the retailer sells genuine or counterfeit products, it is advisable to look at the store’s reviews from other buyers.

The e-commerce platform provides ratings and reviews of the stores and products sold.

Then you can look at how other buyers review an item, before you want to buy the item. As for one method

We can observe how other buyers review an item, before actually buying the item.

One of the newest online shopping fraud methods involves using social media platforms to set up fake online stores.

As for the shops that open in a short time, they often sell fake brand clothing or jewelry.

After making a number of sales the store will usually disappear. They also use social media that advertises fake sites, so they should not immediately believe what will be advertised or shared on social media.

The best way to detect fake merchants or social media online shopping scams is to look at reviews before buying.

Avoid Random Pop-ups

One effort to avoid scams when shopping online is to avoid clicking on pop-up windows, suspicious text, links, or other suspicious attachments in e-mails.

If there are these things, you should immediately delete them and don’t click carelessly. If not, then you can verify the identity of the contact against the truth of the message you received through a trusted source such as social media or e-commerce seller.

Be wary of requests for financial details

Be wary of requests relating to your financial or banking details. Never send money or give details about accounts, credit cards, personal documents to anyone you know or don’t know.

Never want to transfer some money to other people. As for the most dangerous level, that you can get caught up in money laundering which is a crime.

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