What is a URL (Uniform Resource Locator)? The following is the definition, parts and their functions

Uniform Resource Locator

When you open a website page, of course you type something there, right? Let’s say ‘www.google.com’. it is a website address or what is commonly called a URL (Uniform Resource Locator). This URL is very important for a website which is the most important part when wanting to create a web page.

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Actually, what is the meaning of URL? What are the parts that make up a URL and what do they do? Let’s talk!

URL explanation

URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator. The URL is the address of the Web site that you enter into your browser’s address bar. They contain the site’s domain name (like nds.id) and any directories and files you’re trying to open.

Without a URL, every time you want to open a website you will experience confusion. This may also be a concern when you compose a tweet that allows any number of characters in the message. In the example just given, the length of the URL is 118 characters, but you are only allowed 140 characters in a tweet. This would be a dilemma if it weren’t for the shortened URLs.

URL function

Each function URL is globally unique and can be associated with a function alias or an unqualified function ARN, which implicitly calls a version of $LATEST.

The following are some of the functions of URLs that you need to know:

Naming Files Stored on the Website

The first function of a very clear URL(Uniform Resource Locator) is for naming files stored on the website. This is very useful for you to easily access certain information on the internet. Making it easy for users to remember the address containing the document they are looking for is also the main function of the URL.

Make it easier for users to access the website

Did you know that a URL is actually a string of IPs? just imagine when you want to open a website with IP 192.8882.31.1, of course it’s very difficult to memorize it?

Therefore, URLs can shorten how you can access a website page with a URL which will certainly make it easier for you to access the website.

Easier File Identification

URLs also function to identify files on the internet. Its use is not only to open a website, but also to download videos, images, hypertext pages, and more.

Document Addressing

The last function of the URL is to provide an address for the document. With the existence of a URL, you can use it to provide an address on each web that contains documents or files.

URL Parts

URLs consist of various parts. Each of these sections is an important part or core part of a URL that can be formed.

The parts of the URL are as follows:


https:// is the protocol. This is also known as the schema, is the first part of the URL(Uniform Resource Locator). It represents a set of rules that decide how files are displayed, formatted, or transferred across the web. For example, when an address is entered in a browser, the http part, which stands for hypertext transfer protocol, tells it that the page will be displayed in hypertext (HTML) format.

Computer Host Name (Host)

Next up are the hosts. The hostname identifies the host that stores the resource. For example, www.google.com. A server provides services on behalf of the host, but the host and server do not have a one-to-one mapping.

Domain Names (Domain Names)

The domain name is the actual name of the website. NetData at ‘nds.id’ or ‘google’ at ‘google.com’. The domain name must be unique because it literally defines the website address. In the early days of the web, you actually had to type in an IP address to go to a certain site. Later, words were used instead because they were easier to remember.


Paths are useful for identifying specific resources on the host that the web client wants to access. For example, /software/htp/cics/index.html.


Next up are the parameters. The parameter is the actual value that is queried when the lookup is performed. Parameters can be search terms, numbers, encrypted values or other data that can be found in the database. Copy and paste the following address into your browser’s address bar to view shoes: https://www.amazon.com/s?k=shoes.


The last one is the anchor. Anchor is also known as link label or link title. The words contained in the anchor help determine the page rank that will be received by search engines such as Google or Yahoo and Bing. Links without an anchor are common on the web and are called bare URLs, or anchor URLs.

Type – The URL type

In making URLs, it can’t be arbitrary. Note also the type of URL. There are two types of URLs, namely absolute URLs and relative URLs.

Absolute URLs

An absolute URL shows all the information about the full page address in search engines and all the steps you need to go through to get to the page, including the protocol and domain. Links like these can be searched from anywhere on the Internet, not just on a single site.

Relative URLs

Relative URLs show where you are already. The address does not contain information about the protocol and domain. They only show part of the path to the page.

Relative URLs take into account the argument that the server already knows where the page is. Therefore, Google makes its own assumptions about the domain. Sometimes this causes search engine errors, sending users to the wrong page.

Example of URL Address and Explanation

Are you still confused about URLs and their sections? Okay, let’s give a very simple example of a URL.

An example URL is http://www.google.com. Domain names are a simpler form of URLs. Usually a calculated domain refers to a business or trade name. Like Google, Google’s domain name is google.com, while the URL name is http://www.google.com.

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Semua operasional PT. Network Data Sistem akan menggunakan domain nds.id per tanggal 8 Mei 2019. Semua informasi/promosi dalam bentuk apapun selain menggunakan domain nds.id bukan tanggung jawab PT. Network Data Sistem Dismiss