Network topologies have various types according to their respective functions. Especially for the mesh topology type recognized by the computer devices that are connected to each other. However, the type of cable used for the mesh topology is also quite different from the bus topology, ring topology, tree topology, and hybrid topology. In this article, we will discuss more deeply about what a mesh topology is, its advantages, and the following disadvantages.
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Table of Contents
Explanation of Mesh Topology
Mesh topology is a computer network that is connected together with other computer devices directly on one network. This network is also known as a mesh topology where each computer has a connection to communicate directly without the need to pass through other devices.
In addition, networks that are connected to each other are often referred to as dedicated links. In general, this topology is deliberately made with a network with a scale that is not too large, but it requires fast device communication even though this network topology is rarely used.
The reason this topology is rarely used is the difficulty of managing and using it. In addition, there are lots of cables that must be used to connect between computers on the network so that if there is damage to one computer it will not affect other computers.
History of Mesh Topology
The beginning of this network began in the 1940s in the United States which developed the MODEL I computer at the Bell laboratory and the Harvard University research group.
So that this project was led by professor H. Aiken. This project wants to utilize a computer device that is used simultaneously.
The 1950s had a type of computer that grew up to create a super computer. Which is known as a concept to connect computers that are scattered with each other.
In the 1950s when the types of computers began to grow until the creation of super computers. At that time introduced a concept to connect computers that are scattered among each other. The next concept is the concept of a distribution system called the Time Sharing System (TSS), which is the first form of network computer network that has been applied.
The TSS system is a combination of computer technology and telecommunications technology which initially developed separately.
Then in the 1970s, when the workload increased and the price of computer equipment was still very expensive, the concept of a distribution system (Distributed Processing) was started. As shown in Figure 3, in this system several host computers do a large job in parallel to serve several terminals that are connected in series to each host computer. In a distribution system, it is necessary to need a deep integration between computer and telecommunications technology, because not only does the system need to be distributed, all host computers need to serve their terminals in one command from the central computer.
The course of computer events measures computer hardware from year to year. experienced rapid growth. This is accompanied by higher strength and smaller size. Currently computers and their networks are able to handle communication systems between computers (Peer to Peer System) without going through a central computer. For that, start developing local network technology known as LAN. Likewise when the Internet was introduced.
Types of Mesh Topology
It has two types, namely Fully Connected Mesh Topology and Partial Connected Mesh Topology, here is an explanation.
Fully Connected Mesh Topology
The topology is the type in which each computer device is connected to each other as a whole. For example, if there are five computers on the network, each computer will be connected to four other computers.
Partial Connected Mesh Topology
In this mesh topology the opposite of Mesh Fully Connected. Partial connected where not all computers are connected to each other. So that there are only a few computers that are connected to each other while others are not.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Mesh Topology
The following are some of the advantages and disadvantages of the mesh topology.
There are many advantages, among others.
This topology can detect errors or disturbances that exist on the network in a faster and more precise time. So with that it will get information when the network is experiencing interference.
Can be increased as needed
Network data security can be filtered using this topology mesh network which users can increase according to the needs used.
No effect on other computers
Topology, let alone one of the computers experiencing network problems, the other computers will not be affected. So with so many people choosing this network because if something goes wrong it doesn’t hit other computers.
Faster data transfer
When talking about sending data, there is a mesh topology which tends to be faster because this topology has a dedicated link connection where the data is not sent directly to the computer. One of the goals is to make the delivery process faster without having to go through another computer.
Apart from the advantages above, we can conclude that there are a number of things you need to know about the disadvantages of the following mesh topologies:
The installation process is complicated
The process of installing this mesh topology is very complicated which is why many people are not interested in using it. However, for the installation process, this must be done by people who are experts in the field of computer networks. Which for those of you who still don’t know about computer networks should not use a topology.
The costs incurred are more
This mesh topology can cost quite a lot considering there are a large number of cables used.
Cannot be used on a daily basis
In addition to the inflated costs, this topology is also considered impractical so that it cannot be used to meet the daily needs of its users.
How the Mesh Topology Works
The way this mesh topology works starts from nodes on the network that are connected to each other using cables directly to the destination node. So that the flowing data will go directly to the destination node and the data will be transmitted very quickly. Data that flows to the destination node without having to go through other nodes.