Tips for Choosing a UT Cable – This network cable or UTP cable is a very important network device. Without a UTP cable on the network, the network will not be formed because this UTP is a cable that connects network devices to each other so that it becomes a computer network.
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However, for those of you who want to choose a UTP cable, there is actually a good way to suit your needs. What are good and correct tips for choosing UTP cable? Here’s how.
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Unshielded twisted pair (UTP) is a type of ubiquitous copper cable used in telephone cabling and local area networks (LANs). There are five types of UTP cables – identified by the CAT prefix, as in the category – each supporting a different amount of bandwidth.
Alternatives to UTP cables include coaxial cables and fiber optic cables. There are advantages and disadvantages to each type of cabling, but in general, most companies favor UTP cable because of its low cost and ease of installation.
Types of UTP Cables and Their Functions
UTP cable can be divided into various types, this is of course one of the great ways how you can choose a good UTP cable that suits your needs. There are many types of UTP cables, including the following:
UTP Cable Category 1 (CAT1)
The first is CAT1. Usually used for telephone cables. This type of cable is not capable of supporting computer network traffic and does not twist. CAT1 is also used by telecommunications companies that provide ISDN and PSTN services.
UTP Cable Category 2 (CAT2)
Next up is CAT2. This type of UTP cable is the second lowest class of unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cable. Category 2 cabling is designed to support digital voice and data communications. category 2 cable. Category 2 cable is capable of data transmission up to 4 Mbps.
UTP Cable Category 3 (CAT3)
Next up is CAT3. Is a type of unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cable used for voice and data communications in computer and telecommunication networks. This is a copper Ethernet cable defined by the Electronics Industry Alliance (EIA) and the Telecommunication Industry Association (TIA).
Category 4 UTP cable (CAT4)
Still the same as CAT 2 to CAT3. CAT4 is a cable consisting of eight copper wires arranged in four unshielded twisted pair (UTP) that supports signals up to 20 MHz.
UTP Cable Category 5E (CAT5E)
CAT5E is the most popular UTP cable, it came to replace the famous coaxial cable which was unable to keep up with the continuous growth for faster and more reliable tele and data communication network.
UTP Category 6 Cable (CAT6)
CAT 6 emerged as an advancement over UTP Cat 5e, which was formalized in 2001. The Cat 6 design required greater precision in manufacturing, and this allowed for reduced noise and crosstalk, enabling increased performance.
How to Choose UTP Cable
Before you buy a UTP cable, it’s good to know how to choose a UTP cable that is good and according to your needs. Not all types of UTP cables can be applied to the same application.
The following is how to choose a good and correct UTP cable.
- Category / Type
Of course, the first thing to pay attention to is the category or type. Make sure you have selected the category or type of UTP cable that suits your needs. The explanation has been explained above.
Standards are the next thing to pay attention to. Surely you don’t want to get a slow data transfer speed right? Make sure to choose a good standard and also according to the type.
UTP cable application also needs attention. The most common UTP cable applications include:
- General Communication: They offer networking and data transmission between controllers, PCs and others.
- A/V (Audio/Visual): This type of cable is best for adding multimedia equipment to a display or computer.
- Telecommunications: These cables are designed to replace or extend cables used in handsets and telephones.
- Extender: You can use this cable to increase the length of other cables.
- Computers: These cables are great for connecting any kind of peripheral device like monitors, printers, hard drives, and more to a computer.
The most common UTP cable designs are as follows:
- SFTP or FTP (Foiled Twisted Pairs) – Here foil shielding is used to cover or maintain twisted cables. These cables are known for having a better connection, better connectivity and less noise.
- SSTP or STP (Shielded Twisted Pairs) – In this cable, the twisted wires are protected by a braided and strong shield. A conductive substance such as copper is used as a coating. It supports improve connection quality and noise reduction.
- UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair) – These cables lack a connection or foil covering. So you may not get good signal skills and there is a potential risk of crosstalk. UTP cable is flexible to use but manufacturers consider it a bit more expensive to manufacture than others.
Use of Cable According to Conditions in the Field
After knowing how to choose a quality UTP cable, the next step is to understand its application. UTP cable for every need or field conditions, of course, is different.
For Home and Office Purposes
Usually for office or home use, a good UTP cable is the CAT5e type. This cable has speeds up to 1Gbps.
The server is where all data transfer systems run. You should choose a cable that has the maximum speed so that the server’s performance system is not disturbed. The higher the cable category, the higher the transfer rate will be.
If you use a UTP cable for fast internet service, you can use UTP Cat 5e with 1Gbps speed. However, if you are not happy with the speed you can use Cat 6 UTP cable.
For High Speed Internet
Actually, for internet with fast speed you only need CAT5e. But if you want something better, there is CAT6 which is faster than category 5 UTP cable.
How to Distinguish Genuine and Fake UTP Cables
Nowadays, many are marketing fake UTP cables. How could that be? I don’t know if it’s a dishonorable act. Therefore, it is necessary to be careful about how you can distinguish genuine and fake UTP cables.
- Resistance (Electrical Resistance) of the cable. The original cable has little resistance
- The outer shell of the original cable is gray or white in color. The quality of the material is denser, it doesn’t look loose on the outer cable and the inner cable compared to fake ones.
- The copper material seems reddish brown in color, not dark brown. The color of the cable inside is brighter and looks stronger.
- Especially for the original Belden cables, they are only made in America, if they are available made in other countries, for example Australia.
- Specifically for Belden cables, each cardboard UTP cable contains a hologram sticker.
- The marking on the original UTP cable skin is always neatly printed and can be read correctly, unlike the fake one.