The development of today’s era is indeed very massive. Changes in the way people live today are also very different, maybe compared to 10 or 5 years ago, they were already different. What caused it? Of course because of technology, especially the internet which can even be said to experience very rapid development every year. One of them is the Internet of Things or IoT with many benefits of IoT.
Talking about IoT will never end. Even internet intelligence that can help human work will increasingly develop and be very useful in helping our daily activities.
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Technological Changes in Human Life
Discussing about IoT, it is very important for you to know that technological changes in human life today are very rapid. Just imagine that you may have experienced an era where if you searched for information for school assignments you had to use books, but now? You can find them on the internet.
There are indeed many technological changes in human life in various fields, such as social, education, economics and business, agriculture, and even health.
Field of Technological Change
As mentioned earlier, there are various fields that are positively affected by technological change. It is undeniable that the development of the times must be accepted and must also be able to follow it.
The following are areas that are positively impacted by technological change:
For now, technology is having some less than desirable impacts on society as a whole, there are likely to be more positive impacts on society than negative impacts. Such impacts have made life easier for many, and have provided many with the resources, education, and tools they need to live better lives.
These impacts greatly affect the agricultural, transportation, communication, and education sectors in society globally.
In the modern world, it’s as easy as using a Google search, podcast, or YouTube video to learn just about any skill one needs to succeed, whether it’s a new language, programming language, technical skill, or an obscure part. history.
In contrast to having to learn from printed paper books, now ebooks and even online seminars allow people to learn in a faster, more efficient way, and with the convenience of a mobile computer system/application.
Economics and Business
We live in an exciting time of technological innovation. Digital technology is driving transformative change. The economic paradigm is shifting. New technologies are reshaping product and factor markets and profoundly changing businesses and jobs. Recent advances in artificial intelligence and related innovations are expanding the boundaries of the digital revolution.
It’s no wonder that now making money is easier when there is technology, like you who can sell food you make at home that can be marketed on the internet.
The ancient agricultural practice has seen a radical change with the mechanization of agriculture. Such mechanization means that machines and technological systems (including robots) have replaced ancient farming systems such as working animals and manual labour. This has resulted in more automated and highly efficient farming practices, resulting in a much more abundant source of food for more people.
In the health sector, of course this is very helpful. With advances in digital healthcare technologies, such as AI, 3D printing, VR/AR, nanotechnology, and robotics, the future of medicine is taking shape before our eyes.
We have to get used to the latest creations to manage technological mastery, not the other way around. The future of medicine lies in working with technology and doctors to embrace change in the world of healthcare, enabling us to stay relevant for years to come.
Stages of Technological Change
Technological change is a change in the production process that results in an increase in output. It involves three stages of Discovery, Innovation, Diffusion. These three stages are stages that must be in sequence, if one of them stops, there will be no such thing as technological change.
The following is an explanation of the stages of technological change that you need to know:
Invention or invention is the act of creating new technology. It involves a new scientific or technical idea, and the means of its realization or achievement. In order to be patented, an invention must be new and have a use.
After the discovery, of course if you want to develop the technology and still exist is to innovate.
Innovation is an idea, behavior, or product that appears new to potential adopters. There are five main attributes of innovative technology: Relative Advantage, Compatibility, Complexity, Trialability, and Observability.
- Relative advantage means that the product or behavior is perceived as better than the alternative by the person adopting the innovation. Better can mean many different things. This could be a device that peels potatoes more quickly thereby saving time or a seat belt that offers a greater safety advantage.
- Compatibility refers to how the innovation fits into the lifestyle of the adopter.
- Complexity is how easy or difficult an innovation is to understand. The easier an innovation is to understand and use, the more likely it is to be adopted. Complex innovations face additional challenges for mainstream adoption.
- Trialability refers to the process of testing an innovation to see if, or how well, it is working. Extensive testing usually occurs before an innovation is adopted or brought to market.
- Observability involves seeing a product or behavior in action. It can show how it can be used. It’s easier to get potential adopters to just observe an expensive product like a car than to get it all in one for a test drive.
Also, the more people around you you see using a product, the more likely you are to want to buy that product as well.
Next is diffusion related to the spread of technology throughout society or industry. It is the process by which a new idea, product or behavior is accepted by the market. Technology diffusion means the spread of new technology usage/application from current users to other users.
The theory of diffusion of innovation, introduced by Everett Rogers, explains how different groups of people adopt innovations in different ways, to suit their own needs or desires.
Some of the Positive Impacts of Technological Change
Technological changes bring various positive impacts that are very helpful in people’s daily lives. Various sectors have felt the positive impact of technological change, including the following:
Technological changes are making things easier. While most of the technology has been created to improve company operations, it also benefits individuals. Outside of business, technology has made our lives simpler in many ways, including:
- Improved transportation
- Elimination of routine tasks, for example, washing machines and dishwashers
- Better connectivity thanks to the Internet of Things. Today, you can connect almost any device in your home to a single device and control it wherever you are.
- Better time management thanks to productivity apps.
- Improved health thanks to easy access to fitness routines, biometric devices and diet management software.
- Easier and cheaper communication with friends and family.
- Increased job opportunities due to the introduction of remote work.
Boosting the Economy
The economy is getting more advanced with the existence of technology. The economy is getting better with technological changes. Of course, this is one thing that is very often felt if you do use technology to improve your personal economy.
For example, you can now work in the digital creative world, of course with the help of technological changes, right? With the help of the internet, technology such as computers that are getting smarter, software that is increasingly supporting work, and much more.
More Effective and Efficient
All things can be done to be more effective and efficient. This is one of the impacts that you can really feel right now, including:
- The exchange of information becomes easier and faster
- Facilitate the work
- Work that can be done by one person becomes more effective and efficient
- The learning system can be done online without having to do face-to-face
Increase Innovation and Creativity
Creativity and innovation can be present through curiosity which makes us try a lot of new or different things. There are many methods for fostering creativity and discovery.
Innovation can be obtained by changing technology, you can look it up on the internet if you need it. Observing the wider world can increase the power of creativity too, right?
Negative Impact of Technological Change
Technological changes also have a negative impact. It is undeniable that technological change also brings negative impacts that you may know yourself, or maybe you even experience the negative impacts of technological change?
Influence Social Life
Humans are social creatures and have lived in social groups for more than thousands of years. Social hermitage has always been the exception rather than the norm, until the advent of the Internet and social media, which were originally meant to bring people together, have physically isolated us from one another.
This is seen mainly in the younger population. A 2017 study of young adults in the age group 19-32 found that people with higher social media use were more than three times more likely to feel socially isolated than those who did not use social media often. “Social networks” are in reality “social isolation”.
Many kids and teens spend a lot of time on social media, video games, and other on-screen activities. But internet addiction is not a clinical mental health diagnosis. That’s because screens don’t affect children’s brains in the same way drugs or alcohol do. They may feel like they can’t stop using the internet, but they aren’t chemically dependent in the same way.
However, spending a lot of time online becomes a problem when it interferes with a child’s ability to have a normal life.
Limiting Human Physical Movement
Often changes in technology make people lazy to move. Because everything is easy. You can order food online without having to walk to the shop, you can search for information without going to the library just looking for it while sleeping on the internet on your smartphone, and much more.
As a result? Of course, it affects health such as obesity and heart disease because they are often lazy to move.
Understanding About Internet Of Things
There’s a lot of information swirling around right now about the Internet of Things (or IoT) and its impact on everything from the way you travel to the way you search for information to shopping to the many more benefits of IoT. But what is the Internet of Things? What are the benefits of IoT? And does it really matter?
What is IoT
So, Internet of Things is the concept of connecting any device (as long as it has an on/off switch) to the Internet and to any other connected device. The IoT is a gigantic network of connected things and people – all of which collect and share data about how they are used and about the environment around them.
That includes an incredible number of objects of all shapes and sizes – from smart microwaves, which automatically cook your food for the right amount of time, to self-driving cars, whose complex sensors detect objects in their path.
There are also wearable fitness devices that measure your heart rate and the number of steps you take that day, then use that information to suggest a tailored workout plan for you.
How IoT Works
Devices and objects with built-in sensors connect to the Internet of Things platform, which integrates data from disparate devices and applies analytics to share the most valuable information with applications built to meet specific needs.
This powerful IoT platform can pinpoint what information is useful and what can be safely ignored. This information can be used to detect patterns, make recommendations, and detect potential problems before they occur.
Elements of IoT
The IoT Internet of Things system is made of four elements that work together to create the desired output schema, among others.
The cloud itself is a server for storing and processing data based on the needs of the IoT user. For example, when you want to scan data from the barcode of an item that is recorded in a sensor which is processed to become the price of the item that will be displayed in the form of text on the computer screen. In addition, you can also view historical data from purchases via a QR Code which can be converted into consumer preference data.
Sensors are elements of IoT contained in the main machine. The functions of the sensors themselves vary, some are to collect to determine data from the surrounding environment.
This data can be collected in various contents such as time, geographic location, inventory, to the most complex is the state of the patient’s health in the hospital.
In paying attention to small changes in data, these devices can also consist of several sensors at once that are capable of more than just data collection. For example on smartphones which provide many other functions to managing data.
After collecting the surrounding data, the Internet of Thing IoT devices need to be processed somewhere and this is where connectivity plays a major role. In the benefits of IoT, the collected data will then be sent to the IoT platform with the help of transmission media such as WiFi, ethernet, bluetooth, cellular networks, and other types of networks in the process of transferring data to the cloud.
AI technology can make computer systems think like the human brain, which is called Artificial Intelligence.
This AI is able to process data with the help of machine learning, which is a machine that is able to learn data automatically even without certain programming.
Then the final step of the IoT process is to notify the primary users. This can also be done through various actions, such as alerts, notifications, text messages, reminders or emails. This action may also depend on the functionality of the system itself.
Sophisticated IoT systems can control the entire home environment or even more. This user interface can allow users to perform various actions whether it is to adjust lighting, temperature, air conditioning, and so on.
Application of IoT Benefits in Various Industries
The benefits of IoT that are applied in human life are no exception to improve the production performance of an industry or company.
The following are some aspects including the following:
Many innovations can enable humans to get advanced technology in the health sector in overcoming disorders in the human body. Until now, many experts continue to explore and use technology in the health sector.
The latest sensor in IoT is where doctors can directly access the patient’s health status which can be used to collect and store patient data in the cloud.
This technology in medicine can significantly reduce the time of the usual procedure, simplify the process while reducing the risk of disease, and can increase the use and availability of hardware.
Examples of applications such as sensors on hospital beds that are able to observe vital signs, blood pressure, oximeter and body temperature.
IoT is very useful in managing vehicle traffic in big cities that use the smart city concept.
When using Waze or Google Maps, the sensors on the phone will aggregate and share the data to the cloud for processing and after that at the same time monitor the traffic, showing the condition of the alternative route along with the distance and estimated time it will take to get to the destination.
Another example is the invention of a car that is capable of running itself (autopilot), but this is still in the development and testing stages.
The food needs of humans themselves are very fulfilled with the existence of sophisticated equipment in helping the agricultural sector.
This change can be felt by the shorter time it takes for farmers to get maximum results.
As technology develops, it has an impact on business people and the economy. With the emergence of technology, this space and time can be narrowed in achieving company goals.
Benefits of IoT
IoT can grow quite rapidly in various fields considering the benefits it provides are very large in changing lives for the better and more efficient. Some of the benefits of IoT include:
Cutting Operational Costs
IoT can connect various device data in one interface. Including your smartphone interface. So you can monitor data and access devices from anywhere.
With this technology you can reduce operating costs. For example, data on AC power usage exceeds capacity so you can turn off the AC from mobile devices such as cellphones.
That way you can turn off the device to cut electricity usage. Your operating costs will be more efficient.
Improve Work Efficiency
One of the other benefits of IoT is that it can automate devices. For example, plant sprinklers and automatic fertilizer application.
This automation allows business or farm owners to increase work efficiency. Because this job is repetitive and time consuming that can be done by automated devices. So that employees can switch to more important work.
Providing Data Insights for Business Decision Making
IoT with the help of Artificial Intelligence will process customer data into useful insights for business decisions. What are some examples?
First, you can promote the product to specific customers. Data entered from the QR Code will be processed into knowledge of product purchasing patterns from customers aged 20 to 35 years. Using this knowledge, you can find out which customers’ favorite products can later be re-promoted.
Second, you can find out what product features you should improve or remove. Because complaints that come in via the chatbot website will be processed into knowledge for consideration.
Improve Customer Experience
Another benefit of IoT is improving customer experience. That IoT can accelerate the customer service process.
For example, using a chatbot. This chatbot can automatically answer customer complaints with solutions, so customers can get solutions faster without waiting for employees to reply.
Improve monitoring and maintenance ways
The benefits of IoT can provide the ability to manage a network of physical objects. For example, you are monitoring at various layers of the network and infrastructure used by the company, employees, or customers.
For example, you don’t need to check the equipment when it stops working, IoT will maintain the device by predicting its working condition. In addition, special sensors can be used to maintain the function of the tool.
Improve communication with customers
All IoT devices provide opportunities to increase the level of dialogue and interaction with customers. Consideration of utility bills received every month.
Improving services and products
Industries can use IoT to improve and improve their services and production. You can look for gaps and data disruptions relative to the processes your customers use.
While one solution that you can do to adjust and close the gap experienced by customers is to use IoT technology.
New income stream
These IoT capabilities can make it possible to set up and launch new products and services with greater efficiency.
Using the data collected by these IoT devices can help to develop predictions of what customers need and speed up planning and execution.
Improve operation process control
To consider the capabilities of IoT can improve and improve management. Examples can range from new visibility into data to automating controls that combine IoT data, artificial intelligence, and machine learning.
That’s our discussion about IoT by knowing what the benefits of IoT are that are useful in human life.
The conclusion is that IoT is designed to make work easier and provide better efficiency in the work process so that it becomes faster and easier.
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