5G Internet Network – In welcoming a new chapter in the information technology era, Indonesia has commercially started operating the 5G cellular network. The 5G cellular mobile network, which is operating for the first time, is based on IMT-2020 technology in the 2,300 MHz or 2.3 GHz frequency band.
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This 5G technology was directly inaugurated by the Minister of Communication and Informatics (Kominfo) Johnny Gerard Plate who also stated that the 5G cellular network was the result of the work of the government and telecommunications operators as well as a form of accelerating digital transformation in Indonesia.
Prior to the inauguration of the 5G network, network trials had been carried out from 2017 to 2020. “One of the trials was carried out during the Asian Games event in 2018. In early 2021, the Ministry of Communication and Information has also conducted an auction for the 2.3 GHz frequency band,” said the Minister Johnny.
This 5G network service does not necessarily displace 4G services, which were previously the most widely used network in the community. The reason is that the initial development stage of the 4G network is also needed as a basis for 5G operations.
The 5G network is increasingly driving the advancement of the digital sector in Indonesia, which is certain that this 5G service has advantages, including being faster and having a larger and more reliable network capacity compared to the 4G network. In addition, 5G technology can also unlock the potential of not only human-to-human communication services, but also integration of human-machine or human-to-machine networks and machine-to-machine communication networks.
In order for 5G services to be more optimal in Indonesia, it is necessary to allocate the frequency spectrum at least in three layers, namely low band, middle band and high band. The 5G network is a very flexible technology where this technology can be applied to mobile broadband or Fixed Broadband or Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) services.
Meanwhile, low band and middle band frequency bands such as the 700 MHz, 2.6 GHz and 3.5 GHz bands are more suitable for use as 5G mobile broadband services. So Indonesia is more focused on developing 5G mobile broadband first.
The Ministry of Communication and Informatics has also made efforts to provide 5G Fixed Broadband services in accordance with world standards, namely by utilizing high band spectrum bands such as the 28 GHz frequency with large capacity transmission.
Seeing that PT Telkomsel, which is the first 5G cellular network provider, has received a Certificate of Operation Worthiness (SKLO) from 19 to 20 May 2021.
To understand what are the advantages and benefits of using the 5G network, it is better if we refer to the following explanation.
Table of Contents
What is 5G Internet Network Technology?
Fifth generation cellular network technology or 5G Internet Network which promises download and upload data speeds of 10 to 20 times faster than previous generations of internet speeds.
The emergence of 5G technology is intended to provide convenience to its users in terms of speed, wide network connection, and low latency. With 5G technology you can carry out activities related to the internet 500% faster than 4G which is still the mainstay today.
According to Michael Lemke, a physicist who has also occupied an important position in one of the well-known cellular companies, namely Huawei, a senior technology expert and he also holds a PhD, this doctor is said to be the figure of the inventor of the 5G network which he did in 2016 ago at Dresden University of Technology, Germany .
Difference between 5G and 4G Networks
From the long explanation about 5G above, of course we need to know what are the differences between 5G and 4G on this one:
4G has also made it possible for us to be able to stream, and download on the go. 5G technology has a very wide network that can improve the connection experience on cellphones.
On 4G networks, upload speeds usually reach 17.7 mbps. Meanwhile the 5G network has an upload speed that can reach 23.7 mbps.
With lower latency and greater capacity, it can impact people’s way of life. Where this technology can encourage the evolution of the application of smart cities to mobile self-driving. Latency is the speed of response which can delay between transmitting and processing instructions on network devices.
With low latency, network performance and responsiveness will be more real so this is very satisfying for gamers, driverless mobile users, and industrial automation.
This increase in capacity can result in faster data speeds and better performance, especially in areas with heavy internet use.
The difference between 4G and 5G lies in the strength of the signal spread. By using short waves, 5G networks can spread signals better, more directional and don’t cause interference. Meanwhile, 4G’s signal distribution is irregular and there is still a high possibility of wasted energy disposal from transmitter power.
Advantages of 5G Network
As previously mentioned, the 5G network has made a significant contribution to the advancement of human communication. Which, thanks to 5G, human daily activities in the field of communication are easier and faster.
Even though they both carry OFDM, this 5G technology offers advantages compared to 4G which only has subcarrier spacing of up to 15 kHz. Meanwhile, 5G is up to 100 times bigger than 4G. 5G technology can adapt to various devices, this means that more and more smart-based devices can connect and adapt to 5G networks.
Almost No Delay
With lower latency and better transmission speed. 5G has almost no delay time. The 5G delay time is only around 4 to 5 milliseconds. It can even be reduced to 1 millisecond. This short delay time allows 5G network users to watch high-resolution videos without fear of buffering.
One of the initial goals of creating 5G is to save energy expenditure. Where the ability to reduce energy consumption by 10% by reducing data traffic. Yes, it’s true that data transmission speeds can reduce energy use compared to previous generation networks.
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