Get to Know Cracking and How to Protect Yourself from Cybercrime Cracking

mengenal cracking

Get to know Cracking – With technology that is growing rapidly, especially internet technology, which has various impacts on life. So it is not a positive impact, but also a negative impact such as increasing cyber crime. One of the most dangerous cyber crimes is cracking.

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An example of a negative impact from cracking activity is harming a party such as e-commerce data leaks. The existence of this cracking will certainly be detrimental, especially for the targeted companies. So that way you as a business person need to know the understanding of the definition of cracking, types, and so on below.

What is Cracking?

Cracking is the activity of forcibly breaking into a computer system with the aim of viewing, stealing, and destroying illegally.

By definition, hacking is a process of using technology to solve problems and overcome obstacles. So people who carry out hacking activities are hackers.

But there is a hacker who hacks the security system, so this activity can be called security hacking or security hacking.

Cracking is an activity when someone is doing security hacking for criminal or illegal purposes, while the person doing it is a cracker.

What is the difference between Cracking and Hacking?

Maybe more and more people here still often mention that computer hacking activity is hacking. However, the fact is that hacking and cracking are two different things.

Cracking is any form of ‘hacking’ activity that touches the realm of illegality and leads to criminalism.

So in other words this cracking is someone who hacks computer security systems for illegal and malicious purposes. While this hacking is practical hacking which is generally only to find security holes that must be fixed.

Types of Cracking

The different types of cracking with various explanations are as follows:

Password cracking

Password cracking is an activity in which other people’s passwords are stolen or compromised, whether website, database or application passwords. So now most applications and websites have used hashing to encrypt user passwords.

Password cracking usually involves obtaining a hash from a website and finding an algorithm that can be used to encrypt the user’s password. There are three password cracking methods most often used by crackers:

  • Brute force cracking is a cracking activity by entering a random combination of characters until it finds the right password.
  • Dictionary cracking is a cracking method that uses a dictionary containing passwords to guess.
  • Rainbow table cracking is a password cracking that uses a rainbow table to find the encryption algorithm used by websites.

Cracking software

Software cracking is a hacking process in turning off or removing the features in it. Usually this software cracking is targeted towards paid programs to be used for free.

Software cracking is usually done by three different methods, including:

  • Keygen is the use of a key generator to find a serial number made for certain software that can be used without buying a valid serial number.
  • Patching is using a few lines of code that can change the original arrangement of the software code. This cracker can use patches that can remove and disable features in the software, including features that require users to purchase before using them.
  • Loader is the use of an application that is used to disable security features and software protection when it is run. Usually this loader can be used to activate cheats in online games and disable the copy protection feature in paid software.

Network cracking

Network cracking is hacking activity on the security system of a local network such as a LAN or local area network with the aim of being able to access various devices on the network.

The process of hacking a network using a cable means that the cracker must connect the device directly to the network. But hacking a wireless or WiFi network can be done when the cracker is around the network signal area.

This network cracking usually targets public networks without passwords. Networks that do not have security features, crackers only need to use a sniffer tool to intercept data transfers that occur on the network.

Purpose of Cracking Action

The purpose of cracking has various purposes ranging from data theft, planting malware, accessing and controlling networks that do not have authority. The following are some of the purposes of cracking:

Data theft

Data can be stored on servers accessible by crackers who have the potential to use them irresponsibly. This data can be sold on the black market or deep web to be used for personal gain.

If this data is personal, for example personal names, residential identity, addresses, telephone numbers, and so on, it can be used for online fraud or phishing. No less dangerous are company secrets. Where this data can be used by competitors to destroy other companies’ businesses.

Corporate spy

If the cracker can access a company system. So he can see various kinds of company secrets. This will be done by companies that want to compete in an illegal way.

Data manipulation

Data theft, this cracker can also manipulate data that has been broken into. For example, if it is successfully broken into, the bank’s computer security system can manipulate account owner data, change balance amounts, or carry out other illegal transactions.

Corrupt data

Cracking is destroying data stored on a server which can cause harm to a person or company. This data theft can certainly harm them in various ways.

Spread Malwar

Successfully entering a system, this cracker can embed malware in the system. This form of malware can vary from spyware that can record user activity to ransomware that can lock all data and demand that the user pay a ransom to the cracker.

How to Protect Yourself from Cybercrime Cracking

Earlier we have discussed the various types of cracking and their purpose. So now how do we avoid this detrimental activity. Here’s how to protect yourself from cybercrime cracking:

Use a unique password for each website

You should use a password that is unique and difficult to use for each account you have. So that this cracker manages to hack one of your account passwords so they will find it difficult to access other accounts.

You can use a password generator to be able to create passwords that are safe and difficult to hack. This password manager application can offer various password generator features and auto-fill passwords for various accounts, so you don’t need to remember all your passwords.

Avoid public Wi-Fi networks

It’s best if you don’t use public WiFi such as restaurants, cafes, and other public facilities that don’t have good security.

If you must use a public network, then you are not making bank transactions or other sensitive information that can be hacked.

Use a VPN

VPN is one way to secure devices connected to the network. So you can have extra protection for hackers who want to target your device.

In addition, this VPN can also function to protect personal information from various websites and applications that are used.

Change router login information

Home WiFi users may be less knowledgeable about common technologies which don’t change their network router’s login information. So cybercriminals tend to have more knowledge of default router login information than internet service companies.

So it’s easy for other people to enter your network using the default login information.

Don’t click random ads on the internet

These internet advertisements are often a way for crackers to infiltrate, moreover there are advertisements that appear on illegal sites. If you accidentally or intentionally click on fish that contain malware, then your device will be at much greater risk of becoming a target for crackers.

Visit a site with HTTPS

HTTPS is a protocol that can provide more security on websites by encrypting every connection that occurs. This encryption process can usually be achieved by installing an SSL or TLS certificate on the website. The sign that the website has HTTPS installed is the padlock icon next to the URL.

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