Complete IoT Explanation

Internet of things

Complete IoT Explanation – What is IoT? The IoT keyword on the internet is currently quite high because many ordinary people are curious about what IoT is.

Internet of things is hardware that is connected to the internet network or wireless network functionally.

Technological developments in the modern era, such as today, many network devices are created with more sophisticated updates.

There are many examples of advanced technology that make us flabbergasted by its sophistication, namely cloud data storage, remote desktops, internet with 6G frequency, and many other examples.

In understanding what IoT is, you are in the right place today we will discuss what IoT is which can provide detailed and complete knowledge about IoT.

Let’s look at some of our discussions about what IoT is, starting from the understanding, history of development, how it works, and some examples of IoT in full below.

Understanding IoT

What is IoT? Internet of things is a concept in which objects have the ability to transfer data over a network so as to minimize human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.

The development of IoT itself can be seen from the level of convention of wireless technology, the internet, microelectromechanical (MEMS), internet, and QR (Quick Responses) Code.

IoT can also be identified by RFID or Radio Frequency Identification which acts as a communication method.

What is IoT (internet of things?)

What is the internet of things, in understanding IoT we need to know its meaning and definition, which is a subject such as a microchip implanted in livestock, or a car tire pressure sensor that can warn us when tire pressure is low.

Until now, IoT is closely related to M2M or machine to machine in manufacturing and electricity, oil, and natural gas.

In making a product with M2M capabilities, we often use the term smart or smart, such as smart sensors, smart cables, smart meters, and so on.

And also IoT can also include sensor-based technologies such as QR codes, to wireless.

What capabilities is IoT, there is no doubt about its sophistication. There are many types of technology that have started using IoT, such as sound sensors, light sensors, virtual assistant technology, be it Google Ai, and Amazon Alexa.

Not only that, did you know that currently there are several developed countries that have started building Smart Cities, for example China and Germany. This Smart City makes its residents monitored in a large-scale network and a base network.

We need to know what IoT is which is still in the development stage. So there is no definite definition of what the internet of things is.

The following are some definitions of what IoT is according to Wikipedia:

According to Ashton in 2009 the initial definition of the internet of things is a technology that is able to change the world that has been done by the internet even better. This statement is taken from the following quote from the article:

“Today computers and humans, are almost completely dependent on the Internet for all information which all consists of about 50 petabytes (one petabyte is 1,024 terabytes) of data available on the Internet and was first conceived and created by humans. From a magnetic start, pressing the record button, taking a digital picture or simply a bar code.”

The conventional diagram of the internet that leaves the router which is an important part of a network. But the problem is that not everyone has limited time, attention, and accuracy.

A Brief History of IoT

The history of what is IoT itself starts from 1989, John Romkey and Simon Hackett connected a toaster to the internet that could work on command from a computer.

But at that time this concept was still called “embedded internet” or “pervasive computing”.

Then in 1999 the term Internet of Things was first mentioned by Kevin Ashton through the launch of RFID or Radio-Frequency Identification technology.

The development of IoT started with RFID innovation which allows tracking of goods via radio frequency remotely, then continued to innovations in the use of internet protocol or IP used in smart objects in 2008.

Then IPv6 in 2011 can also provide information on the identity and location of a device in the internet network.

IoT technology is still in the development stage. We can see that in 2019, which shows the Hype-Cycle image as a result of Gartner 2019 research, the IoT forecast for the market will mature between the next 5-10 years which will experience stability and be accepted by the wider market.

Entering the 2nd and 3rd generations, this IoT will be smaller and 20% of the target market using IoT.

IoT Elements

Previously we have discussed what IoT is by definition until history begins with IoT itself.

Now, we will discuss the elements of IoT which are formed from several basic components, the following is a brief explanation.

Artificial Intelligence

The first basic component of IoT is Artificial Intelligence or artificial intelligence that functions as the brain of a device. The application of AI in providing intelligence according to the function of the device that implements it.


Every network certainly requires a connection that runs well and is stable. Connectivity is a key component of IoT that can help devices to connect to the network.

Small Size Device

In this modern era, there are many devices with a compact size and can do many things, call it a smartphone. The characteristic of IoT itself is the use of small devices with sophisticated technology.


What is IoT can be understood with elements in the form of sensor technology. Yes, sensor technology is an instrument that is able to change devices that are capable of having active systems that can perform their functions accordingly.

Active engagement

Conventional devices that still use passive overload methods. IoT deployments can actively involve devices or products and services that are already available.

How IoT Works

Talking about how IoT works is able to add insight into what IoT is. The way the internet of things works is to use arguments from programming language algorithms that have been compiled.

Where each of these arguments has the form of producing an interaction that will help the hardware or machine in performing a function or work.

In a following machine does not require support from humans anymore and can be controlled automatically. The main factor that comes from the following program is the internet network which is the liaison between the system and hardware.

The main task of humans is to be a supervisor to monitor every action and behavior of the machine while it is working.

The biggest obstacle coming from the development of the Internet of things is that it comes from an energy source which is quite expensive, as well as a really complex network arrangement.

Development costs are still very expensive and not all cities or countries are already using IoT for their primary needs.

Example of the Internet of Things

In understanding what IoT is, we can also see some examples of the use of the internet of things.

Examples of Utilizing the Internet Of Things

An example of the use of the internet of things is that we can find it in everyday life without us realizing it. The following are some examples of fields that have implemented IoT.


Internet of things is very useful for the health sector. Connected healthcare remains the sleeping giant of Internet of Things applications. The concept of connected healthcare systems and smart medical devices has enormous potential not only for companies, but also for the well-being of society in general.

Research shows IoT in healthcare will be huge in the years to come. IoT in healthcare empowers people to live healthier lives using connected devices.

The data collected will assist in the personal analysis of an individual’s health and provide tailor-made strategies to combat disease.

Energy Sector

The energy sector can also be made more modern with the internet of things. The power grid of the future is not only smart enough but also very reliable. The smart grid concept is becoming very popular all over the world.

The basic idea behind smart energy grids is to automatically collect data and analyze the behavior of electricity consumers or suppliers to increase efficiency and economy of electricity use.


IoT solutions promise to make transportation organizations smarter and more successful at what they do. IoT is at the core of the forces reshaping transportation to provide greater security, more efficient travel, better vehicle and aircraft maintenance, and more strategic traffic management.

The Internet of Things is very useful in the transportation sector because it can make massive transportation more efficient. This may include private transportation, but is more specific about public transportation.

General environment

One of the other uses of IoT is in the general environment. The internet of things can be used to make the environment healthier and more organized more easily.

For example, the application of IoT in the general environment is air quality monitoring or even water quality monitoring. It can also be used for monitoring animals in the wild. Just imagine when you can get notifications from your cellphone when the pollution levels around you increase, very useful for your health too, right?

Application of IoT in the Business Sector

Industrial Internet is the new buzz in the industrial sector, also referred to as Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). It empowers industrial engineering with sensors, software and big data analytics to create brilliant machines.

IoT in the business field is very useful for making quality control better in a sustainable manner.

Examples of Simple IoT Products That Are Around Us

Now, how do you know or use IoT like what already exists in the real world. The following are examples of simple but very useful IoT products that are all around us.

CityTouch Technology to Monitor Lighting in Real Time

Various cities in Indonesia have wanted to implement a smart city. One of them is by applying CityTouch technology to be able to monitor street lighting in real time. Of course, this is also very useful for the manager to monitor the street lights.

CityTouch is a website-based lighting management system that concentrates remote monitoring and maintenance, eliminating the need for regular physical inspections. Due to the sophistication of the system, disturbances and damage to lights can be monitored in real time and then followed up immediately without waiting for reports from residents or inspectors.

EWS Earthquake Detector

EWS is one of the simplest uses of IoT that is around us. This EWS system is very useful for detecting earthquakes. EWS itself was created by Universitas Gadjah Mada. The tool, which was made and developed by Prof Sunarno’s team, has indeed become controversial by the BMKG because actually small earthquakes often occur.

Apart from that, the tool operates to detect differences in the focus of radon gas and groundwater levels. When a tectonic or plate earthquake occurs, a natural anomaly phenomenon will arise with increased exposure to natural radon gas from the soil and a significant rise and fall of ground water level.

Coffee Quality Monitoring Tool

This monitoring tool to monitor coffee quality, called Smart Coffee Monitoring, was initiated by Feby Sallyanto, Chief Enterprise & SME Officer of XL Axiata as an effort to improve the quality of coffee beans but relying on IoT.

Smart Coffee Monitoring functions to monitor a number of variables that have an impact on the quality of the coffee from the final product, especially the way the fermentation works and how the drying works. Based on various studies, both ways of working are proven to have a major impact on the final quality of the coffee beans that are made.

Smart Refrigerator, Checking Food Stock in the Refrigerator from Behind the Smartphone Screen!

One of the most useful home appliances is the refrigerator. Refrigerator? Yes, it’s not just TVs or lights that can take advantage of IoT. This smart refrigerator can be connected to a smartphone. This refrigerator with Smart Access is very useful.

Through the ‘Smart Access’ feature, the activity of buying food can even be carried out online, which makes users not have to shop conventionally by visiting supermarkets.

Benefits of the Internet of Things

What is the Internet of Things? Of course, it is the use of the internet in various fields and conventional tools that previously could only be useful for one benefit and were operated manually. However, by utilizing the internet of things, it will be easier to operate even remotely using a cellphone.

Easier Connectivity Process

Nowadays, you can easily get the information you need in real-time, from (almost) any location you are in. It only requires a smart device and an internet connection.

As an example like this, you use Google Maps to see where you are going, instead of asking someone in real life. Booking tickets is simpler than ever. Information is also easily accessible, even from the latest scientific research, or business analysis. It’s just one click, the connectivity process becomes easier right?

Improve Work Efficiency

All this flowing data allows us to multitask at incredible speed. For example, IoT makes automation easy. Smart industries automate repetitive tasks, allowing employees to invest their time and effort into more challenging things.

With this, IoT can also be useful in increasing work efficiency, right?

Improving Activity Monitoring Effectiveness

Because physical objects are connected and controlled digitally and centrally with the structure of wireless technology, there is a large amount of automation and control in the way things work. Without human intervention, machines communicate with each other providing faster and more timely output.

Monitoring activities made easier with IoT. The easier it is to monitor activities, the more effective these activities will be.


Based on the explanation that has been given from Netdata, the Internet of Things is the answer for all of us towards a more modern and more effective daily life. Of course, behind the advantages of IoT, there are also disadvantages. It could be that, because IoT indulges you too much, you become sedentary and worsen your health.

However, you can control it all yourself from your own self-awareness. To be sure, IoT will always exist, develop, and be more modern.


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